Saturday, November 26, 2011

FRUITS FOR YOUR HEALTH-PART-II

             In continuation of my post  FRUITS FOR YOUR HEALTH, I am furnishing below the healthy nature of some more fruits and vegetables.


Saturday, November 19, 2011

ENFORCEMENT BEGINS LATERALLY.

FOOD SAFETY OFFICERS AT THE STAGE.
                          The much awaited Food Safety and Standards Act,2006 has come into force on and from 05.08.2011 and it extends to the whole of India. This is an Act to ensure safe,hygenic,wholesome food to all. The part time Food Inspectors who were working in the Local bodies and in Primary Health Centres have been re-designated as full time Food Safety Officers and have been posted under the Food Safety and Standards Department of the States.

Saturday, November 12, 2011

FRUITS FOR YOUR HEALTH


                 

                   Fruits are more nutritious for our health. Nowadays, the habit of consuming fruits is totally decreasing. Let us see the nutrition and wealth what we achieve from fruits.

Monday, November 7, 2011

CONVICTED FOR SELLING MISBRANDED PAPAD.


          Recently, a salesman, Proprietor of a grocery shop and a manufacturer of Papad were convicted in the Judicial Magistrate Court in Tirunelveli, for selling misbranded Papad. 

Saturday, October 29, 2011

ANOTHER ONE STEP AHEAD.


                               
                         Imported food needs to undergo compulsory E-coli testing. This is an important decision taken in the meeting of the scientific panel on Contaminants or Biological Hazards of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. 

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

NEW BACTERIAL FOOD POISONING FRIGHTENS.

Click to show "klebsiella bacteria" result 16
Klebsiella
                            Recently, there was a sudden outbreak of food poisoning for the people who took food in a canteen in the Indian Institute of Technology @  Bombay. The officials of the state's FDA (Food and Drug Administration, Maharashtra)immediately investigated the incident thoroughly.

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

LIST OF FOOD SAFETY OFFICERS IN TAMILNADU

                            The Food Safety Commissioner of Tamilnadu has ordered the following Food Inspectors to act as Food Safety Officers in the areas specified in the column against them.

Sunday, August 28, 2011

JUNK FOODS ARTICLE IN TAMIRABARANI PEDICON-2011 SOUVENIR

             Recently, I addressed about Child food adulteration in the Tamilnadu Pediatricians' State conference "PEDICON-2011" in Tirunelveli. My article "JUNK FOODS-HEALTHY OR RISKY?" was also published in their souvenir. I reproduce a  copy of it for your reference


Saturday, August 20, 2011

REWARD TO WHISTLE-BLOWERS EXPOSING ADULETRATION.


            The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has proposed to lay down a trap to intercept manufacturers involved in production or marketing of adulterated food items.To encourage inflow of information from all stakeholders regarding adulterated/unsafe food, the FSSAI has proposed to introduce a scheme of rewards for whistle-blowers and informants from the funds being made available to the state governments under a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

Thursday, July 28, 2011

CHECK ONLINE THE QUALITY OF YOUR FOOD AND DRUG.


 

                    The Food and Drug Department of Gujarat will start uploading reports on adulterated products, spurious drugs on its website in a month. Consumers can use data to eat healthy.

Sunday, July 10, 2011

NEW TECHNIQUE TO DETECT DRUG ADULTERATION IN MILK.

                  In a recent research conducted by the Jaén and Córdoba University in Spain and the Abdelmalek Essaadi University in Morocco,  the researchers analysed 20 samples of cows’ milk , goats’ milk and breast milk from human volunteers.To their shock, the samples of the three milk types were found to contain anti-inflammatory. Drugs include different kinds of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, antiseptics, lipid regulators, beta-blockers and hormones in these milk varieties. 

Thursday, July 7, 2011

FSSAI NODES TO APPOINT FOOD INSPECTORS AS DESIGNATED OFFICERS

                      
In a recent clarification issued by the FSSAI, the  States have been directed to follow the procedure laid down in the Food Safety and Standards Rules for the appointment of Food Inspectors working in the Municipal Corporations/ Councils as Food Safety Officers and Designated Officers.

Sunday, June 26, 2011

JUNK FOODS LEADS TO OBESITY.

                            A study has found that eating too much fatty junk food destroys the brain cells that control weight, leading to a vicious circle of obesity. Researchers fed rats what they described as a “typical high-fat American diet” and found they had doubled their calorie intake three days later. It also showed they had an inflammation in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain containing neurons that control body weight, and though the inflammation stopped a few days later, it recurred after four weeks. 

Wednesday, June 15, 2011

NEW DEVICES TO DETECT MEAT ADULTERATION.

                    
                     Food safety Inspectors in the United Arab Emirates have started using new devices to detect meat adulteration.The devices, being used during inspections of butcheries and meat shops, check for impurities and ensure that the meat on sale is free from adulteration.(Thanks: Gulf News).
                 One such device, using laser technology, measures the meat's internal heat and is helping inspectors prevent frozen meat from being sold as fresh.That too,this need not be brought in direct contact with the meat, thus avoiding any resultant contamination. Similarly, there are devices that accurately measure the moisture and acidity levels in the meat.Another device measures the fat content in meat, picking out discarded meat parts from good chopped or cut meat.

                     Some meat-sellers mix discarded meat parts with good chopped or cut meat to increase profits. In such cases, detecting the levels of fat in meat, fish or poultry products will reveal manipulations easily.An average of eight readings shown on the device provides clinching evidence against manipulations.                

Tuesday, May 31, 2011

THE OBJECTIVES OF THE NEW FOOD SAFETY LAW.

 
 P I Suvrathan, Chairperson, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India's Interview:
The Food Safety & Standards Rules, 2011, replacing the 50-year-old Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, will come into effect in August. P I Suvrathan, chairperson, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.

Tuesday, May 24, 2011

Implementation of Food Safety and Standards Rules -States' Assurance in CAC.

                              The 4th meeting of Central Advisory Committee of Food Safety & Standards Authority of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare was held today. Food Safety Commissioners from States and UT participated in this meeting. The preparedness of States/UT was reviewed by Chief Executive Officer, Shri V.N. Gaur with the Food Safety Commissioners. CEO desired Commissioners to gear up the State machinery to take up challenge of license/Registration of Food Business Operators in their States.

Thursday, May 19, 2011

SOONER IT COMES.

                    The ever expected “Food Safety & Standards Act” is nearing its implementation. The Central Government and the FSSAI are keen in its implementation. The fast developments noticed in the Central Govt. and the effective steps taken by the FSSAI shows the bright feature for the implementation.

Friday, May 13, 2011

From Farm To Fork -Safe Food -the motto.

                                    
The Union Health Ministry says," Now, they will have to do all this and more under a new set of rules and regulations under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006"

Friday, May 6, 2011

Food Safety and Standard Rules notified in the Gazette.

                                   The Government of India has notified the Food Safety and Standard Rules in the official Gazette on 05.05.2011. The Rules would come into force after three months of publication in the official gazette.
                      For more information: FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS RULES.

Thursday, May 5, 2011

PROVEN STANDARDS



                        Just over 18.5 per cent of the samples of idli batter collected from across the State, and tested in food analysis labs, have showed some level of contamination.

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

SUMMER SHOOTS TEMPERATURE.

                  
                     
FOOD RAID NEWS OF TIRUNELVELI IN ANDHRA-EENAADU MAGAZINE

 With the beginning of the summer season and the burning temperature shooting up to 100degrees,the vendors have started selling soft drinks and fruits in large quantities. The ever rising demand have made the street vendors to indulge in many cut throat methods to quench the thirst of the public.
                                    Tirunelveli Corporation Public Health officials triggered the raids on unhygienic foods early in this month which spread all over the state in a few days.  Chennai Corporation Public Health Officials also started screwing the illicit vendors which found place in the mass media.
                                       Spurious soft drinks packets with slight differences in popular brand names are being sold in the market mainly in bus stands,markets where there is huge floating population.Those packet soft drinks were found to be highly sub standard and are prepared in most unhygienic conditions. They don't follow the mandatory labeling procedures like manufacturing date, Batch number,etc., 
                       Nearly, three thousand spurious soft drink packets were caught during the raids conducted in Tirunelveli Corporation area and 40,000 spurious soft drink packets were seized in Chennai Corporation thanks to the commentable efforts of Food Inspectors SakthiMurugan,Ramraj,Muthukrishnan and Sathasivan. The total value together starts in lakhs.
                        The next huge hazard affecting the public health is the sale of mangoes ripened using the Calcium Carbide. Calcium carbide is the chemical used to evolve high temperatures in gas welding units. When used to ripen the mangoes, they are supposed to release enormous heat which makes both matured and immature mangoes to get an evenly yellow colour mangoes.        
CORPORATION COMMISSIONER'S WARNING AGAINST CARBIDE MANGOES -THE HINDU


The Tirunelveli Corporation Commissioner Dr.N.Subbaiyan has severely warned the traders not to indulge in the sale of Carbide mangoes, which found place in many dailies. Meanwhile, the Public Health Officials of Madurai Corporation has conducted a mass raid on carbide ripen mangoes on the instructions of the District Collector, Thiru.Sahayam, the beloved hero of the city.      
              
Happy to share this information with you all, as the Tirunelveli Corporation initiated the fire.                                 

Thursday, April 21, 2011

SUMMER SPECIAL.


                        
                                Following complaints from the public about the sale of  unhygienic soft drink packets in the market, as ordered by Dr.N.Subbaiyan, the Commissioner of Tirunelveli Corporation, a team comprising Food Inspector A.R.Sankaralingam, Sanitary Inspectors A.Subramanian & M.Shahul Hameed, Food Inspector Trainees Ramasubramanian, Nagasubramanian, Sankaranarayanan, Senthil, Neethimohan, Palraj, Chitra raided the shops in and around the junction bus stand. 

Wednesday, April 20, 2011

Latest News of FSSAI

                                The draft FSSAI Rules forwarded to the Health Ministry for notification. The rules are framed for a governance structure of FSS Act, roles of different implementing agencies. On the basis of extensive consultations and regional workshop, State Governments have been sensitized to the provisions of the new FSS Act as well guided on the steps to be taken by them. During 2011, FSSAI shall closely work with each State to effect the transition from prevention of Food Adulteration Act (PFA) towards new Food Laws (FSS Act), designate new functionaries, introduce various new provisions of the Act and help upgrade their regulatory institutions. The recent earthquake in Japan and concerns.

Friday, April 15, 2011

International Conference on Best Practices in Food Safety Implementation.


               An “International Conference on Best Practices in Food Safety Implementation” was organized by FSSAI in collaboration with Michigan State University, USA and TERI. The conference was held on 9th -11th November, 2010 at India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi.

Tuesday, April 5, 2011

BAN ON FOOD IMPORTS FROM JAPAN.

                                  India is the first country to introduce a blanket ban on imports of food articles from Japan. India has imposed a three-month ban on imports of food articles from the whole of  Japan on fears that radiation from an earthquake-hit nuclear plant was spreading to other parts of the country.

Tuesday, March 29, 2011

TAMILNADU GOVT. ORDER FOR ENHANCED D.A. FROM 01.01.2011

DEAR FRIENDS,
                            Pl. click on the following link to download the Govt. Order for revised D.A. 

Sunday, March 27, 2011

CHEWING TOBACCO-FOOD OR NOT-A NEW DEBATE.

                          Can smokeless and chewing tobacco, India's major public health problem, be called food items and then be tested and asked to reveal contents? That's what the Union health ministry now wants to find out.

Thursday, February 24, 2011

ADULTERATION DETECTION


Thanks:Mr.Elangovan Natarajan,Food Inspector
S.No
Food article
Adulteration
Test
1
Vegetable oil
Castor oil
Take 1 ml. of oil in a clean dry test tube. Add 10 ml. Of acidified petroleum ether. Shake vigorously for 2 minutes. Add 1 drop of Ammonium Molybdate reagent. The formation of turbidity indicates presence of Castor oil in the sample.


Argemone oil
Add 5 ml, conc. HNO3 ­­to 5 ml.sample. Shake carefully. Allow to separate yellow, orange yellow, crimson colour in the lower acid layer indicates adulteration.
2
Ghee
Mashed Potato
Sweet Potato, etc.
Boil 5 ml. Of the sample in a test tube. Cool and a drop of iodine solution. Blue colour indicates presence of Starch.  colour disappears on boiling &  reappears on cooling.


Vanaspati
Take 5 ml. Of the sample in a test tube. Add 5 ml. Of Hydrochloric acid and 0.4 ml of 2% furfural solution or sugar crystals. Insert the glass stopper and shake for 2 minutes. Development of a pink or red colour indicates presence of Vanaspati in Ghee.


Rancid stuff (old ghee)
Take one teaspoon of melted sample and 5 ml. Of HCl in a stoppered glass tube. Shake vigorously for 30 seconds. Add 5 ml. Of 0.1% of ether solution of Phloroglucinol. Restopper & shake for 30 seconds and allow to stand for 10 minutes. A pink or red colour in the lower(acid layer) indicates rancidity.


Synthetic Colouring Matter
Pour 2 gms. Of filtered fat dissolved in ether. Divide into 2 portions. Add 1 ml. Of HCl to one tube. Add 1 ml. Of 10% NaOH to the other tube. Shake well and allow to stand. Presence of pink colour in acidic solution or yellow colour in alkaline solution indicates added colouring matter.
3
Honey
Invert sugar/jaggery
1.      Fiehe’s Test: Add 5 ml. Of solvent ether to 5 ml. Of honey. Shake well and decant the ether layer in a petri dish. Evaporate completely by blowing the ether layer. Add 2 to 3 ml. Of resorcinol (1 gm. Of resorcinol resublimed in 5 ml. Of conc. HCl.) Appearance of cherry red colour indicates presence of sugar/jaggery.



2.      Aniline Chloride Test : Take 5 ml. Of honey in a porcelain dish. Add Aniline Chloride solution (3 ml of  Aniline and 7 ml. Of 1:3 HCl) and stir well. Orange red colour indicates presence of sugar.

4.
Pulses/Besan
Kesari dal(Lathyrus sativus)
Add 50 ml. Of dil.HCl to a small quantity of dal and keep on simmering water for about 15 minutes. The pink colour, if developed indicates the presence of Kesari dal.
5
Pulses
Metanil Yellow(dye)
Add conc.HCl to a small quantity of dal in a little amount of water. Immediate development of pink colour indicates the presence of metanil yellow and similar colour dyes.


Lead Chromate
Shake 5 gm. Of pulse with 5 ml. Of water and add a few drops of HCl. Pink colour indicates Lead Chromate.
6
Bajra
Ergot infested Bajra
Swollen and black Ergot infested grains will turn light in weight and will float also in water
7
Wheat flour
Excessive sand & dirt
Shake a little quantity of sample with about 10 ml. Of Carbon tetra chloride and allow to stand. Grit and sandy matter will collect at the bottom.


Excessive bran
Sprinkle on water surface. Bran will float on the surface.


Chalk powder
Shake sample with dil.HCl Effervescence indicates chalk.
8
Common spices like Turmeric, chilly, curry powder,etc.
Colour
Extract the sample with Petroleum ether and add 13N H2SO4 to the extract. Appearance of red colour (which persists even upon adding  little distilled water) indicates the presence of added colours. However, if the colour disappears upon adding distilled water the sample is not adulterated.
9
Black Pepper
Papaya seeds/light berries, etc.
Pour the seeds in a beaker containing Carbon tetra-chloride. Black papaya seeds float on the top while the pure black pepper seeds settle down.
10
Spices(Ground)
Powdered bran and saw dust
Sprinkle on water surface. Powdered bran and sawdust float on the surface.
11
Coriander powder
Dung powder
Soak in water. Dung will float and can be easily detected by its foul smell.


Common salt
To 5 ml. Of sample add a few drops of silver nitrate. White precipitate indicates adulteration.
12
Chillies
Brick powder grit, sand, dirt, filth, etc.
Pour the sample in a beaker containing a mixture of chloroform and carbon tetrachloride. Brick powder and grit will settle at the bottom.
13
Badi Elaichi seeds

Choti Elaichi seeds

Separate out the seeds by physical examination. The seeds of Badi Elaichi have nearly plain surface without wrinkles or streaks while seeds of cardamom have pitted or wrinkled ends.
14
Turmeric Powder
Starch of maize, wheat, tapioca, rice
A microscopic study reveals that only pure turmeric is yellow coloured, big in size and has an angular structure. While foreign/added starches are colourless and small in size as compared to pure turmeric starch.
15
Turmeric
Lead Chromate
Ash the sample. Dissolve it in 1:7 Sulphuric acid (H2SO4) and filter. Add 1 or 2 drops of 0.1% dipenylcarbazide. A pink colour indicates presence of Lead Chromate.


Metanil Yellow
Add few drops of conc.Hydrochloric acid (HCl) to sample. Instant appearance of violet colour, which disappears on dilution with water, indicates pure turmeric. If colour persists Metanil yellow is present.
16
Cumin seeds
(Black jeera)
Grass seeds coloured with charcoal dust
Rub the cumin seeds on palms. If palms turn black adulteration in indicated.
17
Asafoetida(Heeng)
Soap stone, other earthy matter
Shake a little quantity of powdered sample with water. Soap stone or other earthy matter will settle at the bottom.


Chalk
Shake sample with Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Asafoetida will settle down. Decant the top layer and add dil.HCl to the residue. Effervescence shows presence of  chalk.
18
Foodgrains
Hidden insect infestation
Take a filter paper impregnated with Ninhydrin (1% in alcohol.) Put some grains on it and then fold the filter paper and crush the grains with hammer. Spots of bluish purple colour indicate presence of hidden insects infestation

Friday, February 18, 2011

WET IDLI DOSA BATTER RAIDS.

                                  
                           Dosa and idli inevitably find their way into the south Indian breakfast menu.  We were preparing them in stoneware instruments called “Ural” till last two decades. Then came the wet grinders, table-toop grinders and many more sophisticated grinders. When we started using the refrigerators, we used to store the batter prepared in wet grinders, for a week too. There began the problem.

Sunday, February 13, 2011

PUNISHED FOR ADULTERATION

THE HINDU-13.02.11
                                   Salt  is an unavoidable ingredient in our food. We add the salt, to impart taste to our food. Basically, salt contains Sodium Chloride. Iodine is added to it, as a nutritional substitute. Iodine added to salt when consumed, prevents Goitre in children. 

Thursday, February 10, 2011

SYNTHETIC FOOD COLOURS AND ITS SERIOUS ILL-EFFECTS.

 SYNTHETIC FOOD COLOURS -Synthetic food colours impart colour and attraction on the food items. (Eg: Jangiri will be orange coloured).
                                    Natural Food Colours                                       
                                     Beta-carotene 
                                     Chlorophyll
                                     Riboflavin
                                     Caramel
                                     Annato
                                     Saffron
                                     Curcumin(or Turmeric)
                        are some natural food colours allowed for use in food stuffs.

Saturday, February 5, 2011

HONOURABLE HIGH COURT JUDGEMENT IN FAVOUR OF PROSECUTION

Hyderabad Beverages Private ... vs State Of A.P. on 18 April, 2006 
Equivalent citations: 2006 CriLJ 3988
Bench: R Ranganathan
ORDER
Ramesh Ranganathan, J.
1. Common questions arise for consideration in Criminal Petition Nos. 4325 of 2003, 3701 of 2004, 3856 of 2005, and 1007 of 2003, as to whether delay, in furnishing a copy of the analyst report beyond the "Best Before" date or the expiry date of the shelf life of the product, could, by itself, be said to have resulted in the accused being denied the opportunity of sending the sample for analysis to the Central Food/ Seeds Laboratory, and in their suffering prejudice thereby. While Crl. P. No. 4325 of 2003 and Crl. P. No. 1007 of 2003 arise under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act. Crl. P. No. 3701 of 2004 and Crl. No. 3856 of 2005 arise under the Seeds Act.
Crl. P. No. 4325 of 2003:

Friday, February 4, 2011

CAPACITY BUILDING OF FOOD SAFETY PERSONNEL.

                                Recently, Dr.Jitendra P. Dongare, FSSAI, has sent a mail to many food safety implementing officials asking for suggestions regarding the proposed trainning program for the food safety personnel. I reproduce the same below for the purpose of  information and for suggestions.
                               "THIS SHOWS THEIR INTEREST AND TRUST ON US. 
                                   LET US TUNE OURSELVES TO BETTER PERFORMANCE.
                                     BE PROUD TO BE A FOOD SAFETY OFFICER
                                         BE READY TO SERVE THE NATION BETTER"

Friday, January 28, 2011

OIL THAT KILLS.

                                    This is my article in a monthly magazine - "THE FORECAST FRONT".Pl. go thro' it and offer your valuable comments.

Saturday, January 22, 2011

NUISANCE CREATED BY NON-RECYCLABLE PLASTIC WASTES.

                                   Nowadays, there is marked increase in the usage of "USE & THROW" disposables. While, it is very essential in the fields of medicine and surgery, it creates a lot of nuisance in the field of food related  field. Through the last two decades, plastic use & throw cups, carry bags have replaced good old glass and ever-silver utensils. 

Thursday, January 20, 2011

PFA RULINGS FOR PROSECUTION-PART III.


44
AIR 1994 S.C. 1818
Rule 7(3) is directory.
45
1987 Crl L.J. 1677
1.Milk marginally deficient in SNF but fat more than prescribed std.-milk is adulterated.
2.Scope of S.13(2-B)-mandatory only when accused is prejudicied.
46
AIR 1992 S.C. 1121
1.Appointment of Public Analyst-his jurisdiction
2.Testimony of F.I.-Corraboration by Panch witness- not necessary unless the very factum of purchase is challenged.
47
2002(1)-FAC 230-S.C.
S.10(7) – Compliance of.
48
2003(2)FAC 246-M.P.H.C.-State Vs Patiram
No rule or prudence that the evidence of F.I. should be corroborated by Ind. Witness.
49
2003(2)FAC-Ker.H.C.-
 F.I. Vs Narayanan
S.10(7)- employee of the shop who was called as witness is an Ind. Witness.
50
2003(2) FAC-75-Ker.H.C.- N.C.George Vs State & other
S.16(1)(C)-Preventing F.I. from taking F.S.- - reg.
51
2000(2) FAC-161. Orissa H.C
Petitioners refused to accept the notice and closed the shop, and that such conduct of the petitioners amounts to preventing F.I. from taking sample.
52
AIR 1962(All)517
Notice of intention to take sample – it is enough if it is served to the person from whom the sample was taken.
53
2000(2) FAC-109. MAD. H.C
Since milk was sold without any indication of quality- the std. for buffalo milk would apply.
54
S.C.-2003(2) FAC –343-D.L.Chatterjee Vs Kailashpati Oil Mill & others
Sanction- fresh sanction- not necessary at post institutional stage based on subsequent report.
55
MAD.H.C-1984-L.W.(Crl)244
“Institution”-meaning – date on which cognizance of offence is taken by the court, relevant, not the date of the occerrence.
56
MAD. H.C. – 2002(1) FAC 1
Delay in prosecution – prejudice to accused - reg
57
S.C. – 2002 (1) FAC 230
A)No std. Fixed for ‘Boiled Milk’
B)S.10(7) – compliance reg.
58
Guj. H.C.-2007 Crl.L.J.1117
13(2) notice not necessary for ‘Misbranded” samples.

59
A.P.H.C.2007 Crl.L.J.2469
i)Label itself is a warranty.
ii)R.32(e) – not ultravires. (Ref.S.No.15 )