The good old "Prevention of Food Adulteration Act" was enacted in the year 1954 with a view to provide a drastic remedy to the anti-social behaviour of adulteration. It was at that time, many states had their food related laws of their own while some other states didn't had such laws at all. When "Adulteration of food stuffs and other goods" found its place in the Concurrent List in the Constitution of India, it became possible for the Central government to enact an all-India legislation in this subject,which replaced local laws and applied uniformly to the whole of the nation.
Multiplicity of food laws,standards setting and enforcement agencies pervaded different sectors of food, which created much confusion in the minds of consumers,traders,manufacturers and investors. Moreover the standards fixed were rigid and non-correlating with the advancements in the field of Science & Technology. The recommendations of the Subject Group on Food and Agro Industries, early in 1998, to have a comprehensive legislation on food with a Food Regulatory Authority concerning both domestic and export markets and the concern expressed on public health and food safety by the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Pesticide Residues added new importance.
It is in this background, the integrated food law was enacted consolidating the laws relating to food to establish an authority so that it can lay down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture,storage,distribution,sale and import, to ensure availability of safe & wholesome food for human consumption.
Administration at the Central Government Level: 22 Members Authority representing various stakeholders.
Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer
8 Scientific Panels and Scientific Committee.
Central Advisory Committee.
Separate Scientific Division
Surveillance, Regulatory and Quality Assurance Divisions
Referral Laboratory & Food Laboratories
Codex cell to handle international matters
Novel Foods, Nutraceuticals, GM Foods approval
Fixation of Standards and guidelines for food
Labeling and Advertising norms
PROPOSED SET UP AT STATE LEVEL:
Food Safety Commissioner
Joint Food Safety Commissioner Chief Food Analyst
Deputy Food Safety Commissioner Food Analyst
Food Safety Officer
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)is taking notorious steps for the effective implementation of the new Act. Training of the implementing authorities has already begun and is at its end phase. The government has also called for objections and suggestions from the public and traders publishing the "Food Safety Rules" and is awaiting for final publication to unfold the new era of safe food to all.